Definition of capsicum in English:

capsicum

Syllabification: cap·si·cum
Pronunciation: /ˈkapsəkəm
 
/

noun (plural capsicums)

1A tropical American pepper plant of the nightshade family with fruits containing many seeds. Many cultivated varieties with edible, pungent fruits have been developed.
  • Genus Capsicum, family Solanaceae: several species and varieties, in particular C. annuum variety annuum, the cultivated forms of which include the ‘grossum’ group (sweet peppers) and the ‘longum’ group (chili peppers)
More example sentences
  • Chrysanthemum, capsicum, salvia and petunia plants have higher stem elongation rates during the night than during the day.
  • The plant is a member of the family Solanaceae and therefore a relation of the New World capsicum peppers and potato, and of the Old World aubergine.
  • Spinach, tomatoes, capsicums and those sort of plants will wilt badly in summer if they have nematodes.
1.1The fruit of any of the capsicum plants, varying in size, color, and pungency.
More example sentences
  • After a week or so, they turn from the colours of capsicums - green, yellow or red - to the brown that we recognise.
  • The king of the capsicums is poblano, an only mildly hot chilli - pepper as big as two morning rolls.
  • For the main course, I had the sekuwa chatpate prawns with capsicum, chillies, lemon and chat masala.

Origin

late 16th century: modern Latin, perhaps from Latin capsa (see case2).

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