Definition of carburize in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈkärb(y)əˌrīz/


[with object]
Add carbon to (iron or steel), in particular by heating in the presence of carbon to harden the surface.
Example sentences
  • That is, the hardenability of the case is significantly greater when nitrogen is added by carbonitriding than when the same steel is only carburized.
  • Micro-sections of structural steels carburised for not less than 8 hours at 925°C and slowly cooled to show cementite networks are photographed at a magnification of 100.
  • In the original cooling or through subsequent heat treatment, a matrix can be internally decarbonized or carburized by depositing graphite on existing sites or by dissolving carbon from them.



Pronunciation: /ˌkärb(y)əˌrīˈzāSH(ə)n/
Example sentences
  • They can contain 35 to 85% Ni, but invariably contain greater than 15% Cr to form an adherent surface oxide to protect against oxidation and carburization at temperatures up to 1000 to 1200°C in air.
  • These various applications may demand resistance to aqueous corrosion mechanisms, such as general corrosion, localized attack, and SCC, or resistance to elevated temperature oxidation, sulfidation and carburization.
  • Simultaneous or subsequent carburisation leads to an additional increase in the ignition temperature.


Mid 19th century: from French carbure 'carbide' + -ize.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: car·bu·rize

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