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cascade

Syllabification: cas·cade
Pronunciation: /kaˈskād
 
/

Definition of cascade in English:

noun

1A small waterfall, typically one of several that fall in stages down a steep rocky slope.
Example sentences
  • It also contains a series of waterfalls and cascades to further enhance the beauty of a hole that is certain to generate a lot of comment throughout the week.
  • The aquatic plants typically grow on rocks in cascades, waterfalls and rapids where there are great seasonal fluctuations in river water levels.
  • Miniature ravines, waterfalls and cascades created effervescent sounds as the water gushed between the rocks.
Synonyms
1.1A mass of something that falls or hangs in copious or luxuriant quantities: a cascade of pink bougainvillea
More example sentences
  • The high ceiling was draped in more curtains, hanging down in billowing cascades of color.
  • Seething, Eden slammed her hands onto the table, her cascade of red curls falling across the front of her shoulders.
  • Louisa walked up the aisle in a lavish full-length dress that featured a cascade of layers of pink tulle.
1.2A large number or amount of something occurring or arriving in rapid succession: a cascade of antiwar literature
More example sentences
  • That earnings slip triggered a cascade of problems.
  • And this has triggered a cascade of problems, persuading the organisation to take up their cause.
  • Though I hardly understood the process, the question triggered a cascade of impressions about a person in a debilitated state of health.
2A process whereby something, typically information or knowledge, is successively passed on: [as modifier]: the greater the number of people who are well briefed, the wider the cascade effect
More example sentences
  • You sometimes get a cascade effect where Britain is most expensive, then you have the Continent and then you get the United States, where prices are the cheapest.
  • Moreover, in contrast to adoptions, we did not find information cascades for abandonment.
  • Computers would make maths more satisfying too, even in as minor a way as the thrill of devising the correct formula in Excel and then watching the resulting cascade effect in a spreadsheet.
2.1A succession of devices or stages in a process, each of which triggers or initiates the next.
Example sentences
  • Spinal cord injuries trigger a cascade of inflammatory changes that add further insult to the initial injury.
  • But they are still seeking to identify what triggered a cascade of power plant shutdowns that created havoc throughout the region as transport systems, services and businesses closed down.
  • Compelling evidence now suggests that inflammation can trigger a cascade of responses that culminate in tissue destruction that is characteristic of this disease.

verb

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1 [no object] (Of water) pour downward rapidly and in large quantities: water was cascading down the stairs
More example sentences
  • I walked through the waterfall and up the stairs (which also had water cascading down them).
  • With water cascading down from a height of 4,500 ft. and splitting into five smaller falls, the Kempty waterfalls offers a panoramic view.
  • Water was also cascading down Worth Way itself.
Synonyms
1.1Fall or hang in copious or luxuriant quantities: blonde hair cascaded down her back
More example sentences
  • She let her head hang down and her velvet, ebony hair cascaded down her shoulders.
  • I let it down into loose curls that cascaded down my back and hung in all the right places.
  • She had the deepest of deep green eyes, and long curled blonde hair that fell about her shoulders loosely and cascaded down her back.
2 [with object] Arrange (a number of devices or objects) in a series or sequence.
Example sentences
  • Up to four units can be cascaded, providing a scalable solution.
  • In addition, switches can be cascaded together.
  • The Italian boys simply cascaded a few of these basic systems to make their very effective demo.

Origin

mid 17th century: from French, from Italian cascata, from cascare 'to fall', based on Latin casus (see case1).

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