Definition of cavalry in English:

cavalry

Syllabification: cav·al·ry
Pronunciation: /ˈkavəlrē
 
/

noun (plural cavalries)

[usually treated as plural]
  • 1(In the past) soldiers who fought on horseback.
    More example sentences
    • His army's main power was based on his cavalry - horse borne soldiers.
    • William's plan was to use the archers first to send their arrows into the English ranks, followed by the infantry in hand-to-hand combat and to finally advance with the cavalry who had the height and power of being on horseback.
    • In previous wars, horsed cavalry had performed such a role, but cavalry were generally of little use in the trenches of the Western Front.
    Synonyms
    mounted troops, cavalrymen, troopers, horse
    historical dragoons, lancers, hussars
  • 1.1Modern soldiers who fight in armored vehicles.
    More example sentences
    • How much force structure (in armored cavalry squadrons and regiments) do we have dedicated to reconnaissance and surveillance?
    • Several armored cavalry regiments (brigade equivalents) could be kept as independent units.
    • A regimental cavalry troop has two tank platoons, two scout platoons, and a heavy mortar section.

Derivatives

cavalryman

noun (plural cavalrymen)
More example sentences
  • Every ten farmsteads were supposed to provide for a fully equipped soldier, including a horse if he was a cavalryman or dragoon.
  • In a commander's conference in 1957, he noted that some believed the airmen to be as wedded to the airplane as the cavalrymen was to the horse.
  • Along the route, military detachments, including cavalrymen from the Queen's Life Guards, will give royal salutes and there will be a guard of honour in Parliament Square.

Origin

mid 16th century: from French cavallerie, from Italian cavalleria, from cavallo 'horse', from Latin caballus.

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