Definition of chalumeau in English:


Syllabification: chal·u·meau
Pronunciation: /ˌSHaləˈmō

noun (plural chalumeaux /-ˈmō(z)/)

  • 1A reed instrument of the early 18th century from which the clarinet was developed.
    More example sentences
    • It was developed from the chalumeau by J. C. Denner in Nuremberg in about 1700.
    • He even has information on the chalumeau d' amore!
    • Early clarinets did not play well in the lower register, so chalumeaus continued to be made to play the low notes and these notes became known as the chalumeau register.
  • 1.1 (also chalumeau register) The lowest octave of the clarinet’s range.
    More example sentences
    • The limitation to the chalumeau register has been made at the specific request of a clarinet teacher.
    • This piece is entirely within the chalumeau register and is about a grade 1 standard.
    • Some of the solos are scored primarily in the chalumeau register, with only brief extensions in the clarion register.


early 18th century: from French, from Latin calamellus 'little reed', diminutive of calamus.

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