A type of bolt-action breech-loading rifle used by the French army between 1866 and 1874.
- The French had a good breech-loading rifle, the chassepot, also the mitrailleuse, a primitive machine gun, but their muzzle-loading artillery was outclassed by Prussian breech-loaders.
- Two thousand chassepots fell into the hands of the people.
- The Prussians suffered over 4,400 casualties, which, allowing for their superiority in artillery, still demonstrates the effectiveness of the French chassepot.
Named for Antoine A. Chassepot (1833–1905), its French designer.
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