Definition of chasten in English:

chasten

Syllabification: chas·ten
Pronunciation: /ˈCHās(ə)n
 
/

verb

[with object] (usually be chastened)
1(Of a reproof or misfortune) have a restraining or moderating effect on: the director was somewhat chastened by his recent flops (as adjective chastening) a chastening experience
More example sentences
  • Perhaps chastened by the experience, and certainly restricted by a hung council, Labour have subsequently become more conciliatory.
  • Segal is suitably chastened after last week's events.
  • In this way the ships captain kept a tight rein on his men and when the ship set sail it was with a suitably chastened crew, or so the Captain thought.
Synonyms
subdue, humble, cow, squash, deflate, abase
informal flatten, take down a peg or two, put someone in their place, cut down to size, settle someone's hash
1.1 archaic (Especially of God) discipline; punish.
More example sentences
  • A number of times in Scripture when addressing the Jews, God chastened them for not obeying His Word.
  • God Himself is said to use this method: those whom He loves, He chastens, even perhaps with the prospect of death.
  • With the loss of so many illusions at once I cannot remember when I have felt so vulnerable or chastened, but neither can I remember when I have felt so alive.

Origin

early 16th century: from an obsolete verb chaste, from Old French chastier, from Latin castigare 'castigate', from castus 'morally pure, chaste'.

Derivatives

chastener

Pronunciation: /ˈCHās(ə)nər/
noun
More example sentences
  • She is the solace of the forlorn, the chastener of the prosperous, and the guide of the wayward.
  • The fact it has been discovered now will probably act as a chastener for a little time, but unless the root causes of the problem are dealt with we will always find people prepared to make profit out of the misery of other people.
  • It is a stabilizer and chastener.

Definition of chasten in:

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Word of the day abjure
Pronunciation: əbˈdʒʊə
verb
solemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim)