Definition of chloramphenicol in English:

chloramphenicol

Syllabification: chlo·ram·phen·i·col
Pronunciation: /ˌklôrˌamˈfenəˌkôl, -ˌkōl
 
/

noun

Medicine
  • An antibiotic used against serious infections such as typhoid fever.
    • This antibiotic is obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae or produced synthetically
    More example sentences
    • Recently, emerging strains of enterococci have acquired resistance to erythromycin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, fluoroquinolones, and vancomycin.
    • This strain was resistant to methicillin, cephalothin, gentamicin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline.
    • Gentamicin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol and fluoroquinolones are alternative treatments.

Origin

1940s: from chloro- (representing chlorine) + am(ide) + pheno- + ni(tro-) + (gly)col.

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