Definition of cinquefoil in English:

cinquefoil

Syllabification: cinque·foil
Pronunciation: /ˈsiNGkˌfoil, ˈsaNGk-
 
/

noun

  • 1A widely distributed herbaceous plant of the rose family, with compound leaves of five leaflets and five-petaled yellow flowers.
    • Genus Potentilla, family Rosaceae: numerous species, including the small-flowered creeping common cinquefoil (P. simplex) and the larger-flowered erect rough-fruited cinquefoil (P. recta)
    More example sentences
    • One of these plants, Robbins' cinquefoil or dwarf cinquefoil, has been proposed for removal from the federal endangered species list.
    • If you have a toothache or mouth sore, you might try cinquefoil, a native plant.
    • Deciduous cinquefoil has long been used for borders and ground covers in cold-climate gardens.
  • 2 Art An ornamental design of five lobes arranged in a circle, e.g., in architectural tracery or heraldry.
    More example sentences
    • The cinquefoil, when inscribed in a circle, forms a rosette of five equal leaves having an open space in the middle, the leaves being formed by the open spaces.

Origin

Middle English: from Latin quinquefolium, from quinque 'five' + folium 'leaf'.

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