Definition of cithara in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈsiTHərə/ /ˈkiTH-/
(also kithara /ˈkiTH-/)


An ancient Greek and Roman stringed musical instrument similar to the lyre.
Example sentences
  • He sang and performed on the cithara but also encouraged members of the upper classes to take lessons in singing and dancing.
  • Another stringed instrument mentioned quite often is the cithara.
  • The entrance to the ecstatic Dionysiac world in the Villa of the Mysteries is marked by Silenus playing a cithara at the edge of a rocky landscape.


Late 18th century: Latin, from Greek kithara. Compare with cittern.

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