Entry from British & World English dictionary
A lute-like medieval stringed instrument, forerunner of the cittern.
- The proliferation of bagpipes suggests that drone accompaniment was popular, as does the depiction of fiddle and citole players plucking their lowest string with the left thumb while using a bow or plectrum in the other hand.
- There is definite documentary evidence that both the citole and the gittern were normally strung in gut.
- The citole is the medieval guitar, known only from pictures in manuscripts and statues on churches.
Late Middle English: from Old French, based on Latin cithara (see cittern).
For editors and proofreaders
Line breaks: cit¦ole
What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?
Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.