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claim

Syllabification: claim
Pronunciation: /klām
 
/

Definition of claim in English:

verb

[reporting verb]
1State or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof: [with clause]: he claimed that he came from a wealthy, educated family [with direct speech]: “I’m entitled to be conceited,” he claimed [with object]: these sunblocks claim protection factors as high as 34
More example sentences
  • The developers and some anthropologists claimed that the evidence on which protection had been granted was fabricated.
  • Mrs May claimed that evidence from the blonde-haired victim, who had had a baby since her ordeal, was unreliable.
  • The plaintiff claimed that there is evidence to show what her current needs are.
Synonyms
1.1 [with object] Assert that one has gained or achieved (something): his supporters claimed victory in the presidential elections
More example sentences
  • It set out do something, only to achieve nothing and then claim a victory.
  • The UK government is claiming some kind of victory out of a Common Fisheries Policy negotiations which everyone, in the cold light of dawn, admits is the management of extinction by committee.
  • His supporters, having claimed victory, were celebrating in the streets Thursday night.
1.2 [with object] Formally request or demand; say that one owns or has earned (something): if no one claims the items, they will become government property
More example sentences
  • If he does, tradition demands that he can claim a seat on the Treasury bench.
  • She remained the moving spirit behind the scenes for a long time after she stopped claiming any formal roles or titles.
  • Some householders then claim compensation from the council, and the council demands the builder repays that compensation.
Synonyms
lay claim to, assert ownership of, formally request
1.3 [with object] Make a demand for (money) under the terms of an insurance policy: she could have claimed the cost through her insurance
More example sentences
  • She was also accused of faking three burglaries to claim insurance money.
  • If it ever breaks down, call your local computer geek, or set fire to it and claim the insurance money!
  • What a tragedy it would be to be burgled and not have time to claim on your insurance policy.
Synonyms
request, ask for, apply for;
demand, exact
1.4Call for (someone’s notice and thought): a most unwelcome event claimed his attention
More example sentences
  • Then Jonas seemed to shake himself out of whatever thoughts had claimed him.
1.5Cause the loss of (someone’s life).
Example sentences
  • She was subjected to a sustained knife attack which almost claimed her life when she stopped her car and went to help another woman who was being attacked.
  • The findings are the result of a three-year study into the terrorist attack that claimed the lives of 2,749 people.
  • A massive car bomb attack has claimed the life of another prominent critic of Syria.
Synonyms
take, result in the loss of, cause the loss of

noun

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1An assertion of the truth of something, typically one that is disputed or in doubt: [with clause]: he was dogged by the claim that he had CIA links history belies statesmen’s claims to be in charge of events
More example sentences
  • The claim that professors at the leading law schools tilt to the left is supported by statistics.
  • But critics say the claim that the 87,000 who've left are doing well rests on shaky evidence.
  • Do you think there is any substance, then, to his claim that his own warnings went ignored?
Synonyms
2A demand or request for something considered one’s due: the court had denied their claims to asylum
More example sentences
  • After the Portuguese, it was the Germans, the British and the French who laid claims to some part of the country.
  • The flag of Canada, were a real energy and price crisis to develop in America, would hardly hamper their claims to our resources.
  • Tullow will not put too much store in this victory, but will rather wait for a stiffer examination of their claims to the town's silver.
Synonyms
2.1An application for compensation under the terms of an insurance policy.
Example sentences
  • Death and disability claims on insurance policies are being subjected to more intense scrutiny than was the case ten years ago.
  • If you think you do have a case, you should act on any shortfall before you file a claim for compensation.
  • In your particular case the airline is within its rights to reject your compensation claim.
2.2A right or title to something: they have first claim on the assets of the trust
More example sentences
  • Because the city is the first creditor, they have the first claim on the property.
  • The Baroness had agreed in a marriage settlement to renounce her claim on the trust.
  • Such a child might use the courts, for example, to establish a claim on inheritance or support.
Synonyms
entitlement to, title to, right to
2.3 (also mining claim) A piece of land allotted to or taken by someone in order to be mined.
Example sentences
  • The area no longer has any active mines, but there are large tracts of land under claim for placer mining.
  • The mining claims or other mining related interest may be affected by the action.
  • As a result Chinese were driven off gold mining claims by white miners who had no fear of being arrested.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French claime (noun), clamer (verb), from Latin clamare 'call out'.

More
  • Latin clamare ‘to call out’ is the base of English claim. It also gives us acclaim (early 17th century) from ad- ‘to’ and clamare ‘to shout’, and reclaim (Middle English). This was first used as a falconry term in the sense ‘recall’. The sense ‘make land suitable for cultivation’ is recorded from the mid 18th century. Clamour (Late Middle English) comes from the same source.

Phrases

claim to fame

1
A reason for being regarded as unusual or noteworthy: his claim to fame was bringing Garbo to Hollywood
More example sentences
  • Renowned for its wide main street, this average-sized rural town in the heart of mid-Ulster has few particular claims to fame, as its web site freely admits.
  • Chrysorrogiatissa has two claims to fame: the icon of the Virgin, in its massive silver-gilt frame, is reputed to offer succour to criminals; and its vineyards produce one of the best Cypriot wines.
  • One of the claims to fame at Royal St George's is that it was recast as Royal St Mark's by Ian Fleming, and used as the setting for James Bond's epic match in Goldfinger.

Derivatives

claimable

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • Remember there will be a restriction on the amount claimable if there is any non-business use.
  • The maximum BES relief claimable by an individual in a tax year is £25,000 (£50,000 in the case of a married couple assessed jointly).
  • The maximum amount of claimable tax relief will be reduced from £5,000 to £3,700 for the short tax year.

Definition of claim in:

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