verb (past clove /klōv/ or cleft /kleft/ or cleaved /klēvd;/ past participle cloven /ˈklōvən/ or cleft or cleaved)[with object]
- 1Split or sever (something), especially along a natural line or grain: the large ax his father used to cleave wood for the fireMore example sentences
split (open), cut (up), hew, hack, chop up• literary rive
- He swung the mighty blade with one arm cleaving the ground and splitting the tiles around it.
- As we all know, this issue has caused massive issues for the party internally, this divide cleaves the party right down to its lowest level.
- Especially around Washington, it was inevitable that speculation about the identity of the killer would cleave along ideological lines.
- 1.1Split (a molecule) by breaking a particular chemical bond.More example sentences
- The only function for renin is to cleave a 10-amino acid peptide from the N-terminal end of angiotensinogen.
- Biogen 1 discloses that the way to do it is to choose the restriction enzymes likely to cleave the Dane particle DNA into the largest fragments.
- These are the properties expected of mutants lacking an enzyme that cleaves joint molecules.
- 1.2Make a way through (something) forcefully, as if by splitting it apart: they watched a coot cleave the smooth water Stan was off, cleaving a path through the traffic [no object]: an unstoppable warrior clove through their ranksMore example sentences
plow, drive, bulldoze, carve
- Seres disappeared into the fray, a pair of short blades cleaving a path through the enemy that had rushed into the clearing.
- Like an icicle being stepped on, the iceberg split into pieces as the bombs ripped through it, fire cleaving a line clean through the middle.
- A thundering, prehistoric steam engine cleaves the crowd, whistle screaming, a velvet column billowing into the dark.
- 1.3 [no object] Biology (Of a cell) divide: the egg cleaves to form a mulberry-shaped cluster of cellsMore example sentences
- A metazoan body develops as the egg cleaves into cells that then proliferate in a branching pattern of mitoses to produce a cell tree.
- As the egg cleaves, the amount of cytoplasm does not increase, but the amount of DNA does.
- FDA can pass through the cell membrane whereupon intracellular esterases cleave off the diacetate group.
- More example sentences
- For instance, the phage repressors from λ, P22, phage 434 or Φ80 all contain a cleavable internal site within the C-terminal domain.
- The cleavable complex is not thought to collapse spontaneously and is fully reversible.
- Spiroff reports cleavable masses of black calcite, with the color probably due to inclusions of chalcocite or tenorite.
Old English clēofan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch klieven and German klieben.
verb[no object] (cleave to) • literary
- 1Stick fast to: Rose’s mouth was dry, her tongue cleaving to the roof of her mouthMore example sentences
- However applications still cleave to simple two-dimensional metaphors.
- The other road, my father's favourite, cleaves to the coast round Torr Head.
- The music just cleaved to the story; it belongs to the images like nothing else I've ever tried to do.
- 1.1Adhere strongly to (a particular pursuit or belief): part of why we cleave to sports is that excellence is so measurableMore example sentences
stick (fast), adhere, be attached
- Nobody gets points for being virtuous and cleaving to fidelity when there are no opportunities to do otherwise.
- It struck a chord with one of the superstore's workers, who cleaves to anonymity presumably to cleave to her job.
- I concluded that I rather regret not having completely cleaved to the letter of the law.
- 1.2Become very strongly involved with or emotionally attached to (someone): it was his choice to cleave to the BrowningsMore example sentences
- She cleaves to whichever man is available and is unable to face the idea of being alone even if the alternative is constant verbal abuse and physical rejection.
- For this cause shall a man leave father and mother and shall cleave to his wife, and they twain shall be one flesh.
- Ruth cleaves to Naomi and returns with her to Bethlehem, while Orpha remains in Moab.