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clone

Syllabification: clone
Pronunciation: /klōn
 
/

Definition of clone in English:

noun

Biology
1An organism or cell, or group of organisms or cells, produced asexually from one ancestor or stock, to which they are genetically identical.
Example sentences
  • Only full-length genomic and cDNA clones, including genes with in-frame stop codons, were analyzed.
  • Moreover, three longer genomic DNA clones were identified during screening of a fosmid C2 - Idf library.
  • Molecular markers derived from cDNA and genomic DNA clones were from the tomato high-density linkage map.
1.1A person or thing regarded as identical to another: successful women don’t want to be male clones
More example sentences
  • But then, when this particular bunch of Delhi youngsters decided to take it on, they perhaps knew only too well that copying the clones doesn't come easy.
  • If you are a human being who lives on Earth, you have probably been exposed to other humans beings who are not your exact clones.
  • All day long, she had been dealing with the clones, the carbon copy popular masses.
1.2A computer designed to simulate exactly the operation of another, typically more expensive, model: an IBM PC clone
More example sentences
  • Taiwanese computer maker Elitegroup is to grow its family of Palm clones with three more models.
  • Everyone knows that the majority of Activision's extreme sports titles are basically Tony Hawk's Pro Skater clones designed to look like other sports.
  • Even Samba is just a Unix clone of a Windows client.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Propagate (an organism or cell) as a clone: of the hundreds of new plants cloned, the best ones are selected
More example sentences
  • The big news in science this week has been the Monash University research into cloning stem cells for use in repairing damaged nerves.
  • Who could argue that the money and brain power devoted to cloning stem cells could not be better used on something else?
  • Suppose in the future effective treatments for heart disease are developed using cloned stem cells.
1.1Make an identical copy of.
Example sentences
  • Machines can be cloned simply by copying these resource files.
  • He now had cloned organs, perfect copies of the originals, but still carried the scars from his loss.
  • Well, Antinori is widely-tipped to become the first person in history to clone a human being.
1.2 Biochemistry Replicate (a fragment of DNA placed in an organism) so that there is enough to analyze or use in protein production.
Example sentences
  • The fragments were cloned and DNA sequencing demonstrated that they actually corresponded to cDNA with proper intron splicing.
  • The amplified fragments were cloned and sequenced.
  • This fragment was cloned and sequenced to verify its integrity.
1.3Illegally copy the security codes from (a cellular phone) to one or more others as a way of obtaining free calls.
Example sentences
  • Hackers can clone mobile phone SIM cards in minutes, and make calls at their victims' expense.
  • Imei can be used to clone illegal copies of a compromised phone and force the victim to pay phone changes he or she didn't incur.
  • Also seized from the residence were over 150 cellular phones and several computer systems with extensive documentation on cloning cellular phones and computer hardware.

Origin

early 20th century: from Greek klōn 'twig'.

Derivatives

clonal

1
Pronunciation: /ˈklōnl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Selective clonal and rigorous vineyard selection along with modern winemaking techniques have given the region a new lease of life.
  • We instead focused on the frequency of clonal reproduction in F. grandifolia in cove forests and beech gap forests.
  • In general, it seems unlikely that negative clonal selection against mutator clones is a significant effect.

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