Definition of compensation in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˌkämpənˈsāSH(ə)n/


1Something, typically money, awarded to someone as a recompense for loss, injury, or suffering: seeking compensation for injuries suffered at work [as modifier]: a compensation claim
More example sentences
  • However, much of the debate has focused on the size of awards for injury, especially compensation for loss of earnings and for pain and suffering.
  • Last week in the High Court a senior counsel gave a similar impression in a case in which a woman sought compensation for injuries received when she fell in a hole while coming out of a concert.
  • The PIAB will adjudicate and award compensation for personal injury claims where liability is not disputed.
recompense, repayment, reimbursement, remuneration, requital, indemnification, indemnity, redress;
informal comp
1.1The action or process of awarding someone money as a recompense for loss, injury, or suffering: the compensation of victims
More example sentences
  • In terms of the victims' compensation, the Attorney and I have spent some time this week working on a new model to assist in compensation for the victims.
1.2chiefly North American The money received by an employee from an employer as a salary or wages.
Example sentences
  • Most companies say they use the funds for employee benefits or executive compensation.
  • The illustration would show ISU employees their total compensation, salary plus benefits.
  • The institution also provided compensation to employers for salaries paid to employees on sick leave after the first eight days.
1.3Something that counterbalances or makes up for an undesirable or unwelcome state of affairs: the gray streets of London were small compensation for the loss of her beloved Africa getting older has some compensations
More example sentences
  • The weightless comedy of quirkiness offers its own compensations.
  • But there are abundant compensations for the loss in temporal immediacy.
  • Alternatively or in addition, it could be that these people become involved as a compensation for being deprived, relative to their counterparts, of access to the rewards of the larger society.
1.4 Psychology The process of concealing or offsetting a psychological difficulty by developing in another direction.
Example sentences
  • The principle of compensation is the key concept of Jungian psychodynamics, in that it is central to Jung's understanding of how the psyche adapts and develops in the course of the life cycle.
  • Some deep psychological compensation for my ineradicable temperamental wimpiness is at work.
  • Work devoid of opportunities for participation can lead to strain and escapist behaviour as compensation for the sense of helplessness.



Pronunciation: /-SHənl/
Example sentences
  • The additional provision is necessary to meet the revised estimates of compensational losses which will have to be met by the ICCL due to the impact of the fees, costs and expenses of the receivership on client assets.
  • The V-chip represents another weapon in the generational war - a device that allows parents to eradicate the compensational content of which children have learned to make enjoyable use.
  • Changes in enzyme pattern and photosynthetic parameters observed in the transgenic plants are interpreted as compensational processes or adaptations to a redirection of metabolic fluxes.


Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin compensatio(n-), from the verb compensare 'weigh against' (see compensate).

  • pendant from Middle English:

    This was originally a term for an architectural decoration projecting downwards. It comes from penda(u)nt, an Old French word meaning ‘hanging’, from Latin pendere. The word was used from late Middle English for a jewel attached to clothing but later it was applied to one attached to a necklace. Use of the word for a light fitting hanging from the ceiling dates from the mid 19th century. Pending (mid 17th century) is an anglicization of French pendant. Pendulum (mid 17th century) is taken directly from Latin, as is pendulous (early 17th century). Suspend (Middle English) combined this root with sub- ‘from below’, compensation (Late Middle English) is something that ‘weighs against’ something that has happened, depend (Late Middle English) is ‘hang down’, and recompence (Late Middle English) originally ‘to weigh one thing against another’.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: com·pen·sa·tion

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