Definition of consul in English:
1An official appointed by a government to live in a foreign city and protect and promote the government’s citizens and interests there.
- Foreign officials and consuls formed a special clique in the years of the late Qing Dynasty.
- Federal officials and foreign consuls indicated their respect for the former president partly by lowering their flags to half-mast.
- The honour for Fletcher officially came just hours after the consul's office in the city was closed down.
2(In ancient Rome) one of the two annually elected chief magistrates who jointly ruled the republic.
- A spokesman stepped forward to offer a compromise: Octavian would remain consul, but a second consul would be elected annually, as of old, so that he could share the burden.
- In place of the monarchy they set up a republic with power vested in a senate and two annually elected consuls.
- Elected consul for 205, Scipio wanted to carry the war to Africa.
2.1Any of the three chief magistrates of the first French republic (1799–1804).
- The Constitution of the Year VIII provided for three consuls, with a First Consul, elected for ten years, having power to override the other two.
- The second and third consuls offer a good example of the consular ralliement: Cambacérès was a regicide, while Lebrun was a royal servant under the Ancien Régime.
- Its leaders included Napoleon Bonaparte, who served as First Consul from 1799 to 1804, when he ended the republic by declaring himself Emperor Napoleon I.
late Middle English (denoting an ancient Roman magistrate): from Latin, related to consulere 'take counsel'.
- Example sentences
- They can do so in diplomatic and consular missions and other places established according to the country's laws.
- Today, a Foreign Office spokesman said consular staff had spoken to Mr Rugless, who only suffered minor injuries.
- The Foreign Office and consular officials were trying to establish whether any more Britons had been caught in the blaze.
- Example sentences
- For while Cicero claimed his consulship in 63 B.C., only 14 years later Julius Caesar would cross the Rubicon with his legions.
- There was then a gap of 12 years - he was posted to New Delhi - before he returned to take up the consulship in 1999.
- The casual, almost formulaic, reference to the fact that this was Galba's second consulship certainly prompts a reader to wonder about his first.