Share this entry
correlation Syllabification: cor·re·la·tion
Pronunciation: /ˌkôrəˈlāSH(ə)n/

Definition of correlation in English:


1A mutual relationship or connection between two or more things: research showed a clear correlation between recession and levels of property crime
More example sentences
  • Back in the Fifties sociological research found that there was a clear correlation between how society viewed people and the prevailing political attitudes.
  • The survey also found a clear correlation between leadership and progress on this agenda.
  • There is a clear correlation between petrol price and consumption.
connection, association, link, tie-in, tie-up, relation, relationship, interrelationship, interdependence, interaction, interconnection;
correspondence, parallel
1.1 Statistics Interdependence of variable quantities.
Example sentences
  • He took up this post in January 1927 and his first published papers are on the theory of correlation.
  • The Spearman rank correlation coefficient was computed to assess correlation between continuous variables.
  • Because of the high degree of intercorrelation among the needs variables, we used correlation, cluster, and regression analysis to aid data reduction.
1.2 Statistics A quantity measuring the extent of interdependence of variable quantities.
Example sentences
  • Thus statistical correlations derived from quantitative research can be further explained using qualitative techniques.
  • The average of the two correlations was used to quantify the dependence of tests conducted within the interval.
  • Just as was done on the 13 individual test scores, we can go further and measure the correlations among these four group factors.
1.3The process of establishing a relationship or connection between two or more measures.
Example sentences
  • This allows for rapid correlation of sequence data with biological functions.
  • Within parentals, we used correlation to investigate the relationship between body weight and risk.
  • Ammonites are abundant and diverse and allow correlation with the standard Albian section of the Anglo-Paris Basin.


Example sentences
  • But as he has noted, correlational studies say little about cause and effect.
  • Of course, the correlational data are also consistent with the explanation that friends who hold negative feelings are more likely to avoid conflict and less likely to collaborate and compromise.
  • A descriptive correlational study on a convenience sample of 49 RNs examines the relationship between personal values and work satisfaction.


Mid 16th century: from medieval Latin correlatio(n-), from cor- 'together' + relatio (see relation).

Definition of correlation in:
Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources