Share this entry
craton Syllabification: cra·ton
Pronunciation: /ˈkrātän/

Definition of craton in English:


A large, stable block of the earth’s crust forming the nucleus of a continent.
Example sentences
  • Mobile belts of various ages seem to have stitched Africa's Archean cratons together by Himalayan-style continental collisions.
  • Much of the craton remained stable up to Triassic time, with sedimentary sequences dominated by shallow-water and subaerial sediments.
  • Many workers have interpreted the Zimbabwe craton as vertically accreted crust.


Pronunciation: /krāˈtänik/ /kra-/ /krə-/
Example sentences
  • Finally, small, intraplate events not obviously linked to a cratonic boundary are categorized as ‘hotspots’.
  • Many other mobile belts of various ages crisscross the African cratonic nuclei - these are all ripe for study.
  • The complex defines a series of cratonic fragments related to the collision of the Amazonian and Sao Francisco Cratons.


1930s: alteration of kratogen in the same sense, from Greek kratos 'strength'.

Definition of craton in:
Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources