Definition of criminal in English:

criminal

Syllabification: crim·i·nal
Pronunciation: /ˈkrimənl
 
/

noun

A person who has committed a crime: these men are dangerous criminals
More example sentences
  • One of the uses of capital punishment is to deter other criminals from committing more crimes.
  • Most heroin users were criminals who committed crimes before they ever used drugs.
  • A threat as harsh as death to all that commit a serious crime would deter some criminals.
Synonyms
lawbreaker, offender, villain, delinquent, felon, convict, malefactor, wrongdoer, culprit, miscreant; thief, burglar, robber, armed robber, gunman, gangster, terrorist
informal crook, con, jailbird, hood, yardbird, perp
Lawmalfeasant

adjective

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1Of or relating to a crime: he is charged with conspiracy to commit criminal damage
More example sentences
  • The crimes include shoplifting, assault, public order offences, theft and criminal damage.
  • After the verdict, he revealed that Bailey had a long record for theft, criminal damage and car crime.
  • He faces a maximum penalty of five years in prison for each of the spamming and criminal conspiracy offences.
Synonyms
unlawful, illegal, illicit, lawless, felonious, delinquent, fraudulent, actionable, culpable; villainous, nefarious, corrupt, wrong, bad, evil, wicked, iniquitous
informal crooked
Lawmalfeasant
1.1 Law Of or relating to crime as opposed to civil matters: a criminal court
More example sentences
  • Should the rules for disclosure be different for civil and criminal matters?
  • The principles applied by the civil / criminal court are sound and based on experience and aim at doing justice.
  • It is important to note, however, that the right covers civil as well as criminal litigation.
1.2 informal (Of an action or situation) deplorable and shocking: he may never fulfill his potential, and that would be a criminal waste
Synonyms
deplorable, shameful, reprehensible, disgraceful, inexcusable, unforgivable, unconscionable, unpardonable, outrageous, monstrous, shocking, scandalous, wicked

Origin

late Middle English (as an adjective): from late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen, crimin- (see crime).

Derivatives

criminality

Pronunciation: /ˌkriməˈnalitē/
noun
More example sentences
  • We have an obvious case of gross misconduct, for example, serious criminality, corruption, that sort of thing.
  • It would be useful to know how the US managed to reduce criminality during the 1990s.
  • He had threatened us with allegations of bias, criminality, and corruption.

criminally

adverb
More example sentences
  • However, I cant take it with me into many of the buildings I go into, and leaving it in the car would be criminally negligent.
  • Could we even be held criminally liable for such a death, since we made the call knowing such an outcome was likely?
  • Then the facility housed 448 inmates, of that number forty-two were criminally insane.

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