(Died circa 962 bc), king of Judah and Israel circa 1000-circa 962 bc. In the biblical account, he killed the Philistine Goliath and, on Saul’s death, became king, making Jerusalem his capital. He is traditionally regarded as the author of the Psalms, although this has been disputed.
1.1 David I (circa 1084–1153), sixth son of Malcolm III; reigned 1124–53. In 1136, he invaded England in support of his niece Matilda’s claim to the throne, but he was defeated at the Battle of the Standard in 1138.
1.2 David II (1324–71), son of Robert the Bruce; reigned 1329–71.