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declension

Syllabification: de·clen·sion
Pronunciation: /dəˈklen(t)SH(ə)n
 
/

Definition of declension in English:

noun

1(In the grammar of Latin, Greek, and other languages) the variation of the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, by which its grammatical case, number, and gender are identified.
Example sentences
  • Gildersleeve and Lodge's Latin Grammar has a discussion of the declension of Greek nouns at pp.32-33.
  • Czech is a Slavic language with a declension system based on seven cases.
1.1The class to which a noun or adjective is assigned according to the manner of this variation.
Example sentences
  • It was in Latin and not English Language classes that we learnt about the various verb tenses and noun declensions.
  • The gender of the word alone is ambiguous, occurring in a declension denoting either males or females.
  • In Latin, if a word is second declension, it will be masculine.
2 literary A condition of decline or moral deterioration: the declension of the new generation
More example sentences
  • A careful reading of these reports from dozens of faithful missionaries - who preach the gospel of the sovereign grace of God in Jesus Christ - will bear out what we say about the widespread declension in missionary theology and methods.
  • Peter Milsom gave two very practical papers on spiritual growth and spiritual declension.
  • The present is thus perceived as that period of declension that is the subject of the jeremiad.

Origin

late Middle English declinson, from Old French declinaison, from decliner 'to decline'. The change in the ending was probably due to association with words such as ascension.

Derivatives

declensional

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • There are five declensional types in Latin, that are recognized by their terminations in genitive singular.
  • According to Birkeland, this is a new development, reflecting a tendency to drop the declensional endings.
  • Veron, Baret and Huloet-Higgins indicate the declensional patterns of nouns in Latin by providing the genitive singular form.

Definition of declension in:

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