Definition of decompose in English:

decompose

Syllabification: de·com·pose
Pronunciation: /ˌdēkəmˈpōz
 
/

verb

1(With reference to a dead body or other organic matter) make or become rotten; decay or cause to decay: [no object]: leaves stuffed in plastic bags do not decompose (as adjective decomposed) the body was badly decomposed [with object]: dead plant matter can be completely decomposed by microorganisms
More example sentences
  • The body begins to decompose soon after it is buried.
  • It takes several weeks or longer, depending upon the size, for the body to completely decompose.
  • ‘When a body decomposes in water, it becomes completely disfigured,’ he continues.
Synonyms
decay, rot, putrefy, go bad, go off, spoil, fester, perish, deteriorate;
degrade, break down, molder, shrivel, wither;
1.1(With reference to a chemical compound) break down or cause to break down into component elements or simpler constituents: [no object]: many chemicals decompose rapidly under high temperature
More example sentences
  • When heated, it decomposes into calcium oxide and carbon dioxide gas.
  • Davy had developed a technique by which unusually stable compounds could be decomposed into their constituent elements.
  • All dioxins are very stable and unlike most other chemicals do not quickly decompose or break down in the environment.
Synonyms
break up, fragment, disintegrate, crumble, dissolve;
break down, decay

Origin

mid 18th century (in the sense 'separate into simpler constituents'): from French décomposer, from de- (expressing reversal) + composer.

Derivatives

decomposable

adjective
More example sentences
  • The problem of smells produced by food waste could be resolved by more frequent collection of decomposable waste during warm weather.
  • We're saying there's this stuff deep in the ice, and that if it is thawed out, it is actually very decomposable.
  • In this fashion, the problems that are decomposable into problems of bounded difficulty can be solved very efficiently (in sub-quadratic or quadratic time).

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