Definition of deoxyribose in English:

deoxyribose

Syllabification: de·ox·y·ri·bose
Pronunciation: /dēˌäksēˈrībōs, -bōz
 
/

noun

Biochemistry
  • A sugar derived from ribose by replacing a hydroxyl group with hydrogen.
    • Chemical formula; C5H10O4. There are several isomers; the isomer 2-deoxyribose is a constituent of DNA
    More example sentences
    • Sugars are vital components of life, e.g. the 5-carbon sugars ribose and deoxyribose are part of the skeletons of our information storage molecules, RNA and DNA respectively.
    • For example, ribose and deoxyribose are essential for the formation of the backbone of RNA and DNA.
    • Another difference between DNA and RNA is that RNA contains ribose, rather than deoxyribose.

Origin

1930s: from de- (expressing reduction) + oxy-2 + ribose.

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