Definition of depression in English:

depression

Syllabification: de·pres·sion
Pronunciation: /diˈpreSHən
 
/

noun

1Severe despondency and dejection, typically felt over a period of time and accompanied by feelings of hopelessness and inadequacy.
More example sentences
  • Antipyschotics may also be used to treat severe cases of depression accompanied by psychosis.
  • The most common premorbid psychiatric diagnoses are depression, personality disorders, and substance misuse.
  • A small number of people suffer from depression so severe that they may need to be admitted to hospital.
1.1 Medicine A condition of mental disturbance characterized by depression to a greater degree than seems warranted by the external circumstances, typically with lack of energy and difficulty in maintaining concentration or interest in life: clinical depression
More example sentences
  • Tiredness might have played its part, but the sense of dejection and depression emanating from the studio clouded the whole broadcast.
  • We are too prone to judge ourselves by our moments of despondency and depression.
  • We're staying several steps ahead of gloom, despair, deep dark depression, and excessive misery.
Synonyms
1.2A long and severe recession in an economy or market: the depression in the housing market
More example sentences
  • They have developed a close relationship between stock market crashes and the economic recessions and depressions that follow them.
  • According to him, the original estimate did take into account periodic recessions and depressions in the stock market.
  • Just as the mass extinctions were associated with climatic shifts, depressions and recessions often reflect changing economic conditions.
Synonyms
recession, slump, decline, downturn, standstill; stagnation; the Great Depression; Economicsstagflation
1.3 (the Depression or the Great Depression) The financial and industrial slump of 1929 and subsequent years.
2The act of lowering something or pressing something down: the depression of prices
More example sentences
  • But since the mid-1990s, the cotton market has experienced chronic price depression.
  • The depression of prices, and above all profits, was the driving force behind the transformation of production processes in this period.
  • One factory cited a continuous price depression of about 10-15% (or a year on 5% decrease) in the past few years.
2.1A sunken place or hollow on a surface: the original shallow depressions were slowly converted to creeks
More example sentences
  • The presence of shallow depressions in the ground surface allows time for water to percolate into the soil and reduces the volume and speed of flow across the slope.
  • The stone includes a depression on its concave surface where the practitioner's finger was inserted in order to assist in applying force.
  • The images relayed from the probe were not much more exciting - some low hills and surface depressions.
Synonyms
hollow, indentation, dent, cavity, concavity, dip, pit, hole, sinkhole, trough, crater; basin, bowl
2.2 Astronomy & Geography The angular distance of an object below the horizon or a horizontal plane.
More example sentences
  • Angular depressions at the base of siltstone laminae represent casts of halite that was dissolved by lower-salinity waters that introduced silt.
  • After sunset, as the depression of the sun increases the sky gets darker and darker until no scattered light reaches the observer.
  • Thus various stages of twilight are defined in terms of the solar depression angle, in degrees.
2.3 Meteorology A region of lower atmospheric pressure, especially a cyclonic weather system.
More example sentences
  • Rainfall in the savannah region usually arrives between November and April in heavy bursts from monsoonal depressions or tropical cyclones.
  • The most significant features of the wet season are thunderstorms, tropical cyclones and rain depressions.
  • Cyclonic weather with a depression centred over the UK can cause unsettled conditions in both winter and summer.

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin depressio(n-), from deprimere 'press down' (see depress).

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