The part of the large intestine that passes downward on the left side of the abdomen toward the rectum.
- The colon is divided into four parts: the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending colon, and the sigmoid colon.
- The inferior artery also gave rise to two branches: one to the inferior portion of the descending colon and the other to the sigmoid colon and rectum.
- On palpation of the abdomen I found the descending colon very tender, as well as the epigastric region.
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