Definition of diatreme in English:


Syllabification: di·a·treme
Pronunciation: /ˈdīəˌtrēm


  • A long, vertical pipe or plug formed when gas-filled magma forced its way up through overlying strata.
    More example sentences
    • Various architectures connecting extrusive mud volcanic cones to their underlying source layer have been described, ranging from bulbous diapirs to steep diatremes and narrow vertical pipes.
    • The only known igneous rocks in the area are Permian periodotite and lamprophyre dikes as well as diatremes of ultramafic composition associated with the Fluorite district.
    • The Sloan deposits proved to be uneconomic and were closed; however, the Kelsey Lake diatremes in Colorado opened in 1996 with high expectations.


early 20th century: from dia- 'through' + Greek trēma 'perforation'.

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