Definition of distinguish in English:


Syllabification: dis·tin·guish
Pronunciation: /disˈtiNGgwiSH


[with object]
  • 1Recognize or treat (someone or something) as different: the child is perfectly capable of distinguishing reality from fantasy
    More example sentences
    • What I have difficulty with is distinguishing different noises in loud areas.
    • Pinker suggests that our love of music may have developed out of a similar evolutionary need to distinguish different sounds.
    • The software is also speed-sensitive, so it can distinguish the different conditions in city driving and faster roads or motorways.
    differentiate, tell apart, discriminate between, tell the difference between
  • 1.1 [no object] Perceive or point out a difference: bees are unable to distinguish between red, black, and various grays
    More example sentences
    • These differences are sufficient to distinguish between the two species.
    • As investors, we need to be able to distinguish between interesting scientific discoveries and commercially viable projects.
    • This difference is very significant because it helps you distinguish between vertical and horizontal pipes.
  • 1.2Manage to discern (something barely perceptible): it was too dark to distinguish anything more than their vague shapes
    More example sentences
    • I squinted into the darkness, barely distinguishing anything.
    • To his credit, Hornby manages to distinguish the four voices well.
    • The loud phone rings were barely able to be distinguished.
    discern, see, perceive, make out; detect, recognize, identify
    literary descry, espy
  • 1.3Be an identifying or characteristic mark or property of: what distinguishes sports from games?
    More example sentences
    • Several features distinguish the Posimetric design from other feeding technology.
    • Some of the characteristics that distinguish the two are intrinsic.
    • A suite of characteristics distinguishes Orconectes neglectus from other northeastern crayfishes.
    separate, set apart, make distinctive, make different; single out, mark off, characterizedistinctive, differentiating, characteristic, typical, peculiar, singular, unique
  • 1.4 (distinguish oneself) Make oneself prominent and worthy of respect through one’s behavior or achievements: many distinguished themselves in the fight
    More example sentences
    • The young GM plant has already distinguished itself by a remarkable achievement in quality.
    • The suit dragged on for years during which the tribes and government did not distinguish themselves by their behavior.
    • Those who excel in this struggle distinguish themselves through nothing more exotic than boundless cunning and ruthlessness.
    attain distinction, be successful, bring fame/honor to oneself, become famous


late 16th century: formed irregularly from French distinguer or Latin distinguere, from dis- 'apart' + stinguere 'put out' (from a base meaning 'prick').

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