Definition of dolerite in English:

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dolerite

Pronunciation: /ˈdäləˌrīt/

noun

Geology
A dark, medium-grained igneous rock, typically with ophitic texture, containing plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine. It typically occurs in dikes and sills. Also called diabase.
Example sentences
  • These supracrustal rocks are intruded by dolerite dykes that have been deformed and metamorphosed together with the country rock.
  • We reached Fault Bluff, a dark angular mountain with faulted dolerite rock, around 10: 00 P.M. that night.
  • Neither had iron tools and instead used such hard stones as flint, jade, dolerite, basalt, and serpentine to make axes, knives, and chisels.

Origin

Mid 19th century: from French dolérite, from Greek doleros 'deceptive' (because it is difficult to distinguish from diorite).

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: dol·er·ite

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