There are 2 main definitions of Dutch in English:

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Dutch1

Syllabification: Dutch
Pronunciation: /dəCH
 
/

noun

1The West Germanic language of the Netherlands.
Example sentences
  • Yiddishisms occur in such languages as Dutch, English, French, German, Hebrew, and Spanish.
  • The official language is Dutch, which is spoken little in daily life.
  • He speaks six languages: Spanish, Italian, Dutch, English, French and Portuguese.
2 (as plural noun the Dutch) The people of the Netherlands collectively.

Dutch is most closely related to German and English. It is also the official language of Suriname and the former Netherlands Antilles and is spoken in northern Belgium, where it is called Flemish

Example sentences
  • As British troops were withdrawn from the Netherlands, the Dutch and Austrians found themselves exposed to defeat.
  • The one point imposed by the Dutch on the Thais and greatly resented was the clause introducing extraterritoriality.
  • During the 16th century the area was occupied by the Portuguese, the British, and the Dutch.

adjective

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1Relating to the Netherlands, its people, or their language.
Example sentences
  • The dialect is the Amish native tongue and should not be confused with the Dutch language of the Netherlands.
  • He became a master of Rangaku, the study of Western science by means of the Dutch language.
  • Ethnic minorities who already lived in the country should learn the language and adapt to Dutch society.
2Relating to the people of Germany; German.

Origin

from Middle Dutch dutsch 'Dutch, Netherlandish, German': the English word originally denoted speakers of both High and Low German, but became more specific after the United Provinces adopted the Low German of Holland as the national language on independence in 1579.

More
  • From the Middle Ages up to the 17th century Dutch was not restricted to the people and language of the Netherlands, but referred to much of north and central Europe, taking in the peoples of modern Germany and the Low Countries. In 1579 the seven provinces that form the basis of the republic of the Netherlands gained independence and united, adopting the kind of German spoken in Holland as their national language. This change in the political landscape led to the more specific uses of Dutch in modern English. During the 17th century there was great rivalry between the English and the Dutch. The English attributed various undesirable characteristics to their neighbours, including Dutch courage, ‘strength or confidence gained from drinking alcohol’, which managed to imply that the Dutch were both cowards and drunkards. Their language was insulted in double Dutch, ‘gibberish’. In some phrases the Dutch appear to have been singled out simply because they are foreign, as in I'm a Dutchman, used to express disbelief. In the American expression Dutch uncle, ‘a kindly but authoritative figure’, the choice serves to emphasize that the person referred to is not a blood relation. The original wording was ‘I will talk to him like a Dutch uncle’, meaning ‘I will give him a lecture’. Another expression that was originally American is go Dutch, ‘to share the cost of something equally’, first recorded in 1914—the implication, more obvious in Dutch treat, was presumably that the Dutch were mean.

Phrases

go dutch

1
Share the cost of something, especially a meal, equally.
Example sentences
  • Then again, he's probably terrified this will encourage other nice restaurants to adopt this practice, which means the end of going Dutch on dates.
  • In effect, it would amount to going Dutch in a month.
  • And more to the point, I'm very strict about going Dutch, so that's even more money.

in dutch

2
US informal , dated In trouble: he’s been getting in dutch at school

Words that rhyme with Dutch

clutch, crutch, hutch, inasmuch, insomuch, much, mutch, scutch, such, thrutch, touch

Definition of Dutch in:

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There are 2 main definitions of Dutch in English:

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dutch2

Line breaks: dutch

Entry from British & World English dictionary

noun

(usually one's old dutch) British informal
(Especially among cockneys) one’s wife.

Origin

late 19th century: abbreviation of duchess.

Definition of Dutch in:

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