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dystonia

Syllabification: dys·to·ni·a
Pronunciation: /disˈtōnēə
 
/

Definition of dystonia in English:

noun

Medicine
A state of abnormal muscle tone resulting in muscular spasm and abnormal posture, typically due to neurological disease or a side effect of drug therapy.
Example sentences
  • Within months the neurological disorder focal dystonia took full hold, leaving his hand permanently clenched and unusable.
  • A diagnosis of focal dystonia was made, and injections of botulinum toxin were offered.
  • Writer's cramp is the commonest form of focal hand dystonia and is thought to be due to basal ganglia dysfunction.

Derivatives

dystonic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈtänik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • In this context it is worth noting that until quite recent times neurologists considered dystonic syndromes to be of psychiatric, functional, or non-organic origin.
  • Overdose can cause dystonic reactions and hepatotoxicity.
  • The little girl has dystonic quadriplegic cerebral palsy, which means she is confined to a wheelchair and needs 24-hour care.

Definition of dystonia in:

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