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earl

Syllabification: earl
Pronunciation: /ˈər(ə)l
 
/

Definition of earl in English:

noun

A British nobleman ranking above a viscount and below a marquess.
Example sentences
  • Attendants of an earl, viscount or baron wore six rows of curls on state wigs and five on house wigs.
  • They all sat in a row, ranged according to their rank - kings and princes and dukes and earls and counts and barons and knights.
  • None of the dogs belonging to either the duke and duchess or the earl and countess ever barked.

Origin

Old English eorl, of Germanic origin. The word earl originally denoted a man of noble rank, as opposed to a churl; also the word denoted specifically a hereditary nobleman directly above the rank of thane. It was later an equivalent of jarl and, under Canute and his successors, applied to the governor of divisions of England such as Wessex and Mercia. In the late Old English period, as the Saxon court came increasingly under Norman influence, the word was applied to any nobleman bearing the continental title of count (see count2).

Definition of earl in:

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