Definition of Efik in English:

Share this entry


Pronunciation: /ˈefik/

noun (plural same)

1A member of a people of southern Nigeria.
Example sentences
  • At Abiriba the tradition is that their Ekpe was purchased from the Efik of Calabar with whom Abiriba traders were in close commercial contact.
  • As traders conversant in multiple languages and cultures, the Efik were particularly receptive to other belief systems, molding them to their own values.
  • Nigeria also provided slaves for Barbados, the Yoruba, Efik, Igbo and Ibibio being the main ethnic groups targeted.
2The Benue-Congo language of the Efik, closely related to Ibibio, and used as a lingua franca.
Example sentences
  • What we needed, then, were real examples of spontaneously written text in a tone language that, like Efik, has no written literary tradition of its own.
  • The concept of logophoricity was introduced in the analysis of African languages like Aghem, Efik, and Tuburi, where there is a separate paradigm of logophoric pronouns which is employed for such a purpose.
  • But this means that we should expect that dozens of other Black English words had been traced to, say, Bambara, Mende, Twi, Yoruba, Efik, Umbundu, and so on.


Relating to the Efik or their language.
Example sentences
  • In their seven-year odyssey criss-crossing the Atlantic the Robin Johns repeatedly drew upon their connections established as Efik slave traders, but also sought out new allies to assist them in their quest for freedom.
  • The Dictionary further suggests that the word might derive from the Efik word mba-kara, denoting ‘master.’
  • And finally the formal conventions present in Duala, Ijo, Ibibio, and Efik art probably dispersed in the same manner as they do today.


The name in Efik.

Words that rhyme with Efik


For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: Ef·ik

Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.