Definition of emphysema in English:

emphysema

Syllabification: em·phy·se·ma
Pronunciation: /ˌemfəˈsēmə, -ˈzēmə
 
/

noun

Medicine
  • 1 (also pulmonary emphysema) A condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness.
    More example sentences
    • Remember asthma affects the lung tubes primarily and emphysema the air sacs.
    • Then we need to add chronic lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis to the list of smoking-caused illnesses.
    • Other important causes of shortness of breath are asthma, emphysema, pneumonia, and clots to the lung.
  • 2A condition in which air is abnormally present within the body tissues.
    More example sentences
    • Our patient presented with mild dyspnea and dysphonia and demonstrated subcutaneous emphysema and Hamman's sign.
    • Tachycardia may be present, as well as subcutaneous emphysema.
    • She was unable to open her right eye because of the subcutaneous emphysema.

Derivatives

emphysematous

Pronunciation: /ˌemfəˈsemətəs, -ˈsēmə-, -ˈzemə-, -ˈzēmə-/
adjective
More example sentences
  • In patients with similar smoking histories, the severity of COPD and of emphysematous lung destruction has been linked to the amplification of inflammation due to the persistence of viral infection.
  • As there is no indication of increased residual volume or total lung capacity in these subjects, we conclude that the CT findings indicate early emphysematous or ‘emphysema-like’ changes in the lung.
  • The chest CT had shown diffuse interstitial fibrosis, peripheral emphysematous bullae, and signs of pulmonary hypertension.

emphysemic

adjective
More example sentences
  • But we need this emphysemic, exponentially aging paperboy to rattle us every morning by announcing, ‘The news!’
  • It was sitting there in its pyjamas, coughing and spluttering like an emphysemic pensioner climbing stairs.
  • Luckily my emphysemic performance of Saturday evening was not repeated.

Origin

mid 17th century (sense 2): via late Latin from Greek emphusēma, from emphusan 'puff up'.

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