The theory that all knowledge is derived from sense-experience. Stimulated by the rise of experimental science, it developed in the 17th and 18th centuries, expounded in particular by John Locke, George Berkeley, and David Hume. Compare with phenomenalism.
- Fernow played up a widely accepted historical dichotomy between European theory and British empiricism in science.
- There were errors of interpretation in feminists' critiques, for example, concerning the extent to which analytic philosophy incorporated empiricism.
- Yet habit is the linchpin for the philosophical way of thinking that James called radical empiricism, and later pragmatism.
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