Share this entry

Share this page

endotoxin

Syllabification: en·do·tox·in
Pronunciation: /ˈendəˌtäksən
 
/

Definition of endotoxin in English:

noun

Microbiology
A toxin that is present inside a bacterial cell and is released when the cell disintegrates. It is sometimes responsible for the characteristic symptoms of a disease, e.g., in botulism. Compare with exotoxin.
Example sentences
  • One of those suspected factors is bacterial endotoxins because they are present in oral and nasal cavities and air pollutants.
  • This only is effective, however, if the entire surface area of the product has been cleaned properly and no bacterial endotoxins remain because the sterilization process cannot inactivate toxins.
  • It is a bacterial product containing both endotoxins and spores which are active on a variety of insects.

Derivatives

endotoxic

1
Pronunciation: /ˌendōˈtäksik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The patient is not only at risk for abscess, necrosis and endotoxic shock, but also likely to develop a deformity such as ‘cauliflower ear,’ which is just as ugly a condition as its name implies.
  • Vitamin C is an excellent antioxidant that can regulate this process in endotoxic shock, mainly by decreasing free radical production.
  • The endotoxic activity of the live bacterium was studied by feeding this to the worms in the lawn.

Definition of endotoxin in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day prepotent
Pronunciation: prɪˈpəʊt(ə)nt
adjective
greater than others in power or influence