Definition of endotoxin in English:

Share this entry


Pronunciation: /ˈendəˌtäksən/


A toxin that is present inside a bacterial cell and is released when the cell disintegrates. It is sometimes responsible for the characteristic symptoms of a disease, e.g., in botulism. Compare with exotoxin.
Example sentences
  • One of those suspected factors is bacterial endotoxins because they are present in oral and nasal cavities and air pollutants.
  • This only is effective, however, if the entire surface area of the product has been cleaned properly and no bacterial endotoxins remain because the sterilization process cannot inactivate toxins.
  • It is a bacterial product containing both endotoxins and spores which are active on a variety of insects.



Pronunciation: /ˌendōˈtäksik/
Example sentences
  • The patient is not only at risk for abscess, necrosis and endotoxic shock, but also likely to develop a deformity such as ‘cauliflower ear,’ which is just as ugly a condition as its name implies.
  • Vitamin C is an excellent antioxidant that can regulate this process in endotoxic shock, mainly by decreasing free radical production.
  • The endotoxic activity of the live bacterium was studied by feeding this to the worms in the lawn.
Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.