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episiotomy Syllabification: e·pi·si·ot·o·my
Pronunciation: /iˌpēzēˈädəmē/

Definition of episiotomy in English:

noun (plural episiotomies)

A surgical cut made at the opening of the vagina during childbirth, to aid a difficult delivery and prevent rupture of tissues.
Example sentences
  • Among private patients with an epidural, the most likely birth outcome was an instrumental delivery with an episiotomy.
  • Childbearing women also undergo episiotomies to tighten the outer tissue of the vagina, but Stein says this does not restore muscle tone.
  • But one thing is fairly clear - episiotomies should not be done simply to prevent perineal injury in the mother.


Late 19th century: from Greek epision 'pubic region' + -tomy.

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