Definition of esophagus in English:

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Pronunciation: /əˈsäfəɡəs/
(British oesophagus)

noun (plural esophagi /-ˌɡī/ /-ˌjī/ or esophaguses)

The part of the alimentary canal that connects the throat to the stomach; the gullet. In humans and other vertebrates it is a muscular tube lined with mucous membrane.
Example sentences
  • The cause is a weakness of the sphincter muscle between the esophagus and stomach.
  • Vomiting may cause a tear in the small blood vessels of the throat or lower esophagus.
  • The suture line is where the surgeon has sewn the remaining esophagus to the stomach or bowel.



Pronunciation: /əˌsäfəˈjēəl/
Example sentences
  • This leads to a more prolonged exposure of the esophageal mucosa to gastric fluid than normal.
  • A thin, flexible tube is placed in the esophagus and the tip rests just above the lower esophageal sphincter.
  • Normally, the lower esophageal sphincter stops stomach acid from entering the esophagus.


Late Middle English: modern Latin, from Greek oisophagos.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: e·soph·a·gus

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