Definition of espalier in English:

espalier

Syllabification: es·pal·ier
Pronunciation: /iˈspalyər, -yā
 
/

noun

1A fruit tree or ornamental shrub whose branches are trained to grow flat against a wall, supported on a lattice or a framework of stakes.
More example sentences
  • Because the fruit is so good, the trees are best grown as espaliers in a small garden, which will maximise fruit production against tree size.
  • I want to train a pear tree as an espalier against a wall.
  • These include Kylemore Abbey, where 150-year-old apple espaliers line the paths of the kitchen garden.
1.1A lattice or framework for an espaliered tree or shrub.
More example sentences
  • In addition there is a large patio surrounded by trees on espaliers.
  • A simple espalier can train all branches to grow horizontally.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
Train (a tree or shrub) to grow flat against a wall.
More example sentences
  • Once you know what you are doing, you can prune 12 dwarf espaliered trees in an hour or maybe two each year.
  • It was espaliered carefully back onto its old trellis and coaxed into bloom.
  • Apples are espaliered along space-saving rows of wire fencing.

Origin

mid 17th century: from French, from Italian spalliera, from spalla 'shoulder', from Latin spatula (see spatula), in late Latin 'shoulder blade'.

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