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eukaryote

Syllabification: eu·kar·y·ote
Pronunciation: /yo͞oˈkarēˌōt, -ēət
 
/
(also eucaryote)

Definition of eukaryote in English:

noun

Biology
An organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the genetic material is DNA in the form of chromosomes contained within a distinct nucleus. Eukaryotes include all living organisms other than the eubacteria and archaebacteria. Compare with prokaryote.
Example sentences
  • The condensin complex plays an essential role in chromosome condensation in all eukaryotes studied so far.
  • The condensin complex is essential for chromosome condensation in higher eukaryotes.
  • The bouquet structure of chromosomes is usually a transitory prophase stage in other eukaryotes.

Origin

1960s: from eu- 'easily (formed)' + karyo- 'kernel' + -ote as in zygote.

Derivatives

eukaryotic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˌkarēˈätik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Histone proteins are essential components of nucleosomes in eukaryotic chromosomes.
  • The end-point of the test reflects the typically eukaryotic chromosomes and DNA metabolizing enzymes of yeast.
  • Organization of the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells depends largely on the cytoskeleton.

Definition of eukaryote in:

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