Definition of exhaustion in English:

exhaustion

Syllabification: ex·haus·tion
Pronunciation: /igˈzôsCHən
 
/

noun

1A state of extreme physical or mental fatigue: he was pale with exhaustion
More example sentences
  • The peak summer heat results in extraordinary mental and physical exhaustion, sleeplessness and occasionally depression.
  • Mental and physical exhaustion retards the growth of body and mind, and it often causes a psychosomatic illness.
  • What was most striking about the run-up to the peace deal was the morbid fixation on the physical and mental exhaustion of the parties.
Synonyms
extreme tiredness, overtiredness, fatigue, weariness, burnout; war-weariness
2The action or state of using something up or of being used up completely: the rapid exhaustion of fossil fuel reserves
More example sentences
  • Government policy of granting very small claims gave everyone a chance, but also led to rapid exhaustion of claims and large rushes to new fields.
  • Bahrain was the first Gulf Arab state to produce oil, in 1932, but its reserves are now near exhaustion.
  • In every case, it said finite reserves of these minerals were approaching exhaustion and prices would rise steeply.
Synonyms
consumption, depletion, using up, expenditure; draining, emptying
2.1 Logic The process of establishing a conclusion by eliminating all the alternatives.
More example sentences
  • Euclid and Archimedes utilized two important techniques to prove theorems from their axioms: reductio ad absurdum arguments, and a method of exhaustion.
  • This argument from exhaustion is not conclusive.
  • Maclaurin appealed to the geometrical methods of the ancient Greeks and to Archimedes' method of exhaustion in attempting to put Newton's calculus on a rigorous footing.

Origin

early 17th century: from late Latin exhaustio(n-), from Latin exhaurire 'drain out' (see exhaust).

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