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extrinsic

Syllabification: ex·trin·sic
Pronunciation: /ikˈstrinzik, -sik
 
/

Definition of extrinsic in English:

adjective

1Not part of the essential nature of someone or something; coming or operating from outside: extrinsic factors that might affect time budgets the idea that power is extrinsic to production and profits
More example sentences
  • Because of its observational nature, our study cannot differentiate between intrinsic or extrinsic factors in the reduced reproductive success.
  • Thus three-dimensionality was extrinsic to painting, which was essentially flat, in Greenberg's view.
  • Other workers have, however, tended to view the diversifications as resulting from a complex mix of intrinsic biological and extrinsic physical factors.
Synonyms
1.1(Of a muscle, such as any of the eye muscles) having its origin some distance from the part that it moves.
Example sentences
  • The extrinsic muscles of the larynx control the degree of tension on the vocal cords, and the intrinsic muscles regulate the glottis.
  • The extrinsic extensor tendon attaches to the base of the dorsum of the middle phalanx, and bands from the intrinsic hand muscles attach to the distal phalanx.
  • Unlike the upper esophageal sphincter, the lower sphincter is not pulled open by extrinsic musculature.

Origin

mid 16th century (in the sense 'outward'): from late Latin extrinsecus 'outward', from Latin extrinsecus 'outwardly', based on exter 'outer'; the ending was altered under the influence of -ic.

Derivatives

extrinsically

1
Pronunciation: /-(ə)lē/
adverb
Example sentences
  • And finally, do we learn for learning's sake, or must we be extrinsically motivated to do so?
  • For example, some might argue that children playing baseball are intrinsically motivated by the joy of playing, while a professional baseball player is extrinsically motivated, by money and championships.
  • Additionally, individuals preferring a field-dependent learning style have been found to be more extrinsically motivated and learn better when organization and structure is provided by the teacher.

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