Definition of farm in English:

farm

Syllabification: farm
Pronunciation: /färm
 
/

noun

1An area of land and its buildings used for growing crops and rearing animals, typically under the control of one owner or manager.
More example sentences
  • Total land in farms, at 46,400 acres, is unchanged from last year.
  • Some species of waterfowl adapted to feeding on rice, barley, lettuce, and other crops grown on farms in California.
  • The City of Hamburg owns two large organic farms.
Synonyms
ranch, farmstead, plantation, estate, family farm, dairy farm, hobby farm; farmland, market garden
1.1The main dwelling place on a farm; a farmhouse: a half-timbered farm
More example sentences
  • There has been a flurry of school trips, including London Zoo, farms, museums and galleries and lots of visiting theatre groups.
  • More than 40 of these cottages were built by the end of the 19th century together with a church, school, stores, workshops, a farm and even a fire station.
  • He added that this goes for houses, flats, farms, factories and offices.
1.2 [with modifier] A place for breeding a particular type of animal or producing a specified crop: a fish farm
More example sentences
  • She coordinates preventative medicine programs and pathology at Hagen's parrot breeding farm and research institute.
  • He owns the well-known breeding and stallion farm, Ballylinch Stud home of the legendary Tetrarch and part of the Mount Juliet Estate.
  • He grew up on a grape and citrus farm at Robinvale, on the Murray River in north-west Victoria.
1.3 [with modifier] An establishment at which something is produced or processed: an energy farm
More example sentences
  • On one hand the government takes on money from JBIC and on the other it is promoting the destructive prawn farm cultivation.
  • The welcoming committee is pure science fiction, a towering wind energy farm of sleek white windmills, five storeys high and filling the valley's entire widescreen width.
  • At a Kurow dairy farm owned by Meridian Energy, this stray voltage was found to be around 1.5 volts.

verb

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1 [no object] Make one’s living by growing crops or keeping livestock: he has farmed organically for five years
More example sentences
  • There are still a lot of hungry farmers out there who want to make their living from farming.
  • I am also aware that New Zealand has made its living by doing farming in a very functional and technologically targeted way.
  • In fifty years time it appears there will be very few people in this county earning their living from farming on a full time basis.
Synonyms
work the land, be a farmer, cultivate the land; rear livestock
1.1 [with object] Use (land) for growing crops and rearing animals, especially commercially.
More example sentences
  • He farmed some land, growing much of what my mother served our family at dinner time.
  • Together she and her husband farmed the ranch land, and she bore seven children.
  • In 1903, one hundred years ago, most people in Ireland lived in the countryside, farmed the land, cultivated the food they ate and had very little extra money.
Synonyms
1.2 [with object] Breed or grow commercially (a type of livestock or crop, especially one not normally domesticated or cultivated).
More example sentences
  • Like all farmed livestock, salmon are regularly checked by veterinarians and occasionally require the use of licensed medicines.
  • Two of them were game farms and the rest were used to farm crops and livestock.
  • These movement restrictions apply to all farmed livestock within that area.
Synonyms
2 [with object] (farm someone/something out) Send out or subcontract work to others: it saves time and money to farm out some writing work to specialized companies
More example sentences
  • Spare ones will be farmed out to other universities which have expressed an interest in getting involved.
  • If every year a handful of issues were farmed out to assemblies like this one, one issue per assembly, it would be a job that could be done at a few hours a week.
  • Many tasks have been farmed out to private, unaccountable contractors.
2.1Arrange for a child or other dependent person to be looked after by someone, usually for payment.
More example sentences
  • Her father's alcoholism plunged the family into poverty so humiliating that Dolly was farmed out to various generous strangers for upbringing.
  • Whoever farmed me out for adoption put a lot of work into covering up everything about where - or who - I came from.
  • Who, after all, would choose to work and farm their kids out in the morning if they could be in the same financial position while staying at home?
2.2Send a sports player to a farm team.
More example sentences
  • The RFU, not the clubs, would employ players and farm them out to the clubs.
  • It looked even bleaker when Steve bought in six summer signings and he was farmed out to Sunderland on loan.
  • So he was farmed out for a month with instructions to delay his swing a bit, go to right field more often, improve his bunting and reduce strikeouts.
3 [with object] historical Allow someone to collect and keep the revenues from (a tax) on payment of a fee: the customs had been farmed to the collector for a fixed sum
More example sentences
  • The sum offered by Andocides and his associates was thirty-six talents, which (he claims) still allowed them a small profit in farming the tax.
  • The market was supervised by a warden and by the fifteenth century that officer was farming revenues due the city from the market.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French ferme, from medieval Latin firma 'fixed payment', from Latin firmare 'fix, settle' (in medieval Latin 'contract for'), from firmus 'constant, firm'; compare with firm2. The noun originally denoted a fixed annual amount payable as rent or tax; this is reflected in sense 3 of the verb, which later gave rise to 'to subcontract' (sense 2 of the verb). The noun came to denote a lease, and, in the early 16th century, land leased specifically for farming. The verb sense 'grow crops or keep livestock' dates from the early 19th century.

Phrases

buy the farm

see buy.

from farm to fork (or table)

Used to refer to the various processes in the food chain from agricultural production to consumption: a catering industry initiative that allows certified traceability of fresh meat and eggs from farm to fork [as modifier]: each of these countries has farm-to-fork legislation
More example sentences
  • Everyone in the farm-to-fork food safety system has a responsibility to reduce risk.
  • Commissioner Byrne refers to the feed hygiene package as "the missing link" in the farm-to-fork approach to food safety.
  • The North Central Initiative for Small Farm Profitability, a regional project based at NU's Center for Applied Rural Innovation, is a four-state, multi-institutional, farm-to-fork initiative.
chiefly US Used to refer to locally grown or produced food: [as modifier]: in San Francisco, farm-to-fork eating is a year-round affair
More example sentences
  • In the October issue of Gourmet magazine, it is recognized as one of America's best farm-to-table restaurants.
  • Here, farm-to-table cuisine is not a cliche but a high art.
  • Although promoting healthy, farm-to-table food is becoming a trend in schools, it still isn't widespread, she said.

Derivatives

farmable

Pronunciation: /ˈfärməbəl/
adjective
More example sentences
  • One hundred sixty of those acres are farmable, and about 80 of those are currently being farmed by a dozen thriving, independent farm businesses with scores of employees and thousands - if not tens of thousands - of customers.
  • In addition, windmills, called ‘polder mills,’ pump excess underground water to keep these areas dry and farmable.
  • China has about 20 percent of the world's population, but only 7 percent of the world's farmable land.

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