There are 4 main definitions of file in English:

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file1

Syllabification: file
Pronunciation: /fīl
 
/

noun

1A folder or box for holding loose papers that are typically arranged in a particular order for easy reference: a file of correspondence
More example sentences
  • And then, today, I came across two large box files stuffed with paper copies of the correspondence, all neatly filed in date order.
  • Preparation of products using recycled items will be the prime focus and the items will include cardboard files, paper cups and bags.
  • The last drawer contained a stack full of files and papers.
Synonyms
1.1The contents of a file folder or box.
Example sentences
  • Overall, there is a lot of duplication between these files and the contents of files previously released.
  • Instead, the government is making files available to former residents and their families.
  • They did not, however, have access to military files.
1.2 Computing A collection of data, programs, etc., stored in a computer’s memory or on a storage device under a single identifying name: do you want to save this file? [as modifier]: a file name
More example sentences
  • Users will also need special software to play the files on their desktop computers.
  • Search your computer's files, audio, video, images and emails, and even the Web.
  • Lastly there's a flaw related to the display of the names of downloaded files.
Synonyms
data, document, text

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Place (a document) in a cabinet, box, or folder in a particular order for preservation and easy reference: the contract, when signed, is filed figurative he still had the moment filed away in his memory
More example sentences
  • This latest roll call of grand-slam winners is unlikely to be filed away among the classics, all of them celebrating only their first major title.
  • The completed questionnaires were filed in a secure cabinet.
  • His office was neat and tidy, his papers neatly stacked on his desk, or filed away in cabinets.
Synonyms
categorize, classify, organize, put in place/order, order, arrange, catalog, record, store, archive
1.1Submit (a legal document, application, or charge) to be placed on record by the appropriate authority: criminal charges were filed against the firm [no object]: the company had filed for bankruptcy
More example sentences
  • No charges were ever filed against the accountant.
  • The applicant filed an application for judicial review, but it was dismissed by consent.
  • In December, charges were filed against the women who testified.
Synonyms
apply, register, ask
bring, press, lodge, place
formal prefer
1.2(Of a reporter) send (a story) to a newspaper or news organization.
Example sentences
  • Newspaper and television reporters filed dozens of stories from the scene of the fire.
  • The intrepid reporters have filed stories from around the world, including Tokyo, Montreal and Alberquerque, New Mexico.
  • See, I've worked in journalism for the last seventy-eight years, ever since the usual way a reporter would file a story was by telegram.

Origin

late Middle English (as a verb meaning 'string documents on a thread or wire to keep them in order'): from French filer 'to string', fil 'a thread', both from Latin filum 'a thread'. Compare with file2.

More
  • Of the three different words that take the form file in English, the oldest is the word for the smoothing tool, which is Old English. The other two, the folder and the queue, both go back to Latin filum ‘thread’ found also in filament (late 16th century), filigree (late 17th century) which was originally spelt filigrane and formed from filum and granum ‘seed’, and fillet (Middle English) originally a ribbon tied round the head and subsequently used for any long, thin strip. The folder sense, from Late Middle English, comes about because it was originally used of paperwork kept in order by being threaded on string. The line of people, which is late 16th century, comes via French, from the idea of people strung out.

Phrases

on file

1
In a file or filing system.
Example sentences
  • The reports must be filed monthly with the Supreme Court and be kept on file with the local court's clerk.
  • With regard to evidence, I have been told that you have everything on file and you have the files in front of you.
  • You should make sure the address they have on file is your current address and that any charges on the account were made by you.

Derivatives

filer

1
noun
Example sentences
  • Assume the same facts as in Example 1, except that the filer filed the annual report on March 31, 2006.
  • Filers should use the resources and education in this section to ensure they meet reporting requirements.
  • Moreover, there's ample evidence that a sizeable percentage of bankruptcy filers engage in quite a lot of strategic behavior in the run-up to bankruptcy.

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There are 4 main definitions of file in English:

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file2

Syllabification: file
Pronunciation: /fīl
 
/

noun

1A line of people or things one behind another: Plains Cree warriors riding in file down the slopes
More example sentences
  • He walked off to a corridor out of the landing bay with the lead general at his side and the other two in file behind them.
  • They line nine men up in a file, one behind the other.
  • Aside from a few occasions, we rode in file, all strung out, from the start until Pradollano.
Synonyms
line, column, row, string, chain, procession, queue
1.1 Military A small detachment of troops: a file of English soldiers had ridden out from Perth
More example sentences
  • Maneuvering and the use of machine guns in fighting made infantry files pressing along the front inefficient.
  • One soldier in the file was hit by mortar fire a few yards from my tank.
  • Commanders and platoon leaders should lead from the front of attack formation even when in file or column when fighting in urban terrain.
1.2 Chess Each of the eight rows of eight squares on a chessboard running away from the player toward the opponent. Compare with rank1 (sense 2) of the noun)).
Example sentences
  • Instead of just accepting this situation, an experienced player would actively play to create a file for his Rooks.
  • For kings on the same file, this is just an odd number of squares between kings!
  • Black is opening a file on the queenside in order to activate his rook.

verb

[no object] Back to top  
(Of a group of people) walk one behind the other, typically in an orderly and solemn manner: the mourners filed into the church
More example sentences
  • The mostly middle-aged crowd from labour unions and peace groups filed behind a truck with speakers blasting, ‘Power to the People’.
  • He looked over to one of the hallways leading into the dining hall and saw a large group of people filing in through the doors.
  • The group filed out, and one of them slammed the door shut, ‘What did they want with us?’
Synonyms
walk in a line, march, parade, troop

Origin

late 16th century: from French file, from filer 'to string'.

More
  • Of the three different words that take the form file in English, the oldest is the word for the smoothing tool, which is Old English. The other two, the folder and the queue, both go back to Latin filum ‘thread’ found also in filament (late 16th century), filigree (late 17th century) which was originally spelt filigrane and formed from filum and granum ‘seed’, and fillet (Middle English) originally a ribbon tied round the head and subsequently used for any long, thin strip. The folder sense, from Late Middle English, comes about because it was originally used of paperwork kept in order by being threaded on string. The line of people, which is late 16th century, comes via French, from the idea of people strung out.

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There are 4 main definitions of file in English:

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file3

Syllabification: file
Pronunciation: /fīl
 
/

noun

A tool with a roughened surface or surfaces, typically of steel, used for smoothing or shaping a hard material: it is possible to make the necessary notch with a file
More example sentences
  • Sandersons was situated on the Cutlery Road and was involved in the production of tools, saws, files etc.
  • Basic Fitting was a course designed to equip graduates with the skills required to use metals tools, drills, files and the like.
  • The facility is filled with workbenches bearing tool boxes loaded with files, stones, scrapers and reamers.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Smooth or shape (something) with a file: when I have nothing else to do, I file my nails
More example sentences
  • First, Sharon filed my nails into lovely rounded shapes.
  • Brooks filed each part to shape, marked both locks as ‘London Warranted,’ and finished them with color case hardening.
  • The edges of the bands were filed smooth before they were used and males were banded on the right forearm and females on the left forearm.
Synonyms
smooth, buff, rub (down), polish, shape;
scrape, abrade, rasp, sandpaper
1.1 (file something away/off) Remove something by grinding it off with a file: the engine numbers were filed away
More example sentences
  • If caught early enough, the cracks can be filed away before they spread deeper a bit like filing a cracked finger nail before it splits.
  • It's rather creepy how the dead ant-parts are filed off in the spiral staircases and heaped in piles behind the painted barn.
  • Once the worst pitting and damage is filed away, he sands the metal with a coarse sandpaper.

Origin

Old English fīl; related to Dutch vijl and German Feile.

More
  • Of the three different words that take the form file in English, the oldest is the word for the smoothing tool, which is Old English. The other two, the folder and the queue, both go back to Latin filum ‘thread’ found also in filament (late 16th century), filigree (late 17th century) which was originally spelt filigrane and formed from filum and granum ‘seed’, and fillet (Middle English) originally a ribbon tied round the head and subsequently used for any long, thin strip. The folder sense, from Late Middle English, comes about because it was originally used of paperwork kept in order by being threaded on string. The line of people, which is late 16th century, comes via French, from the idea of people strung out.

Derivatives

filer

1
noun
Example sentences
  • The product range includes household knives, chef's knives, multiutility pieces with scissors, nail filers, bottle openers and butler knives.
  • You will also find extra goodies such as nail filers, hair accessories, and brushes there for the best quality at the best bargain.

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There are 4 main definitions of file in English:

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filé4

Syllabification: fi·lé
Pronunciation: /fiˈlā, ˈfēlā
 
/

noun

North American
Pounded or powdered sassafras leaves used to flavor and thicken soup, especially gumbo.
Example sentences
  • Likewise filé powder made from the dried leaves of the sassafras tree would be added during the final stages of cooking to give the gumbo a ‘stringy’ texture.
  • "It's a sin to eat gumbo without filé."
  • Filé has since become a signature flavor in Cajun cooking, adding authentic Louisiana character to mouth-watering gumbos and your own favorite dishes.

Origin

mid 19th century: from French, past participle of filer 'to twist'.

Definition of file in:

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