Definition of fixation in English:

fixation

Syllabification: fix·a·tion
Pronunciation: /fikˈsāSHən
 
/

noun

  • 1An obsessive interest in or feeling about someone or something: his fixation on the details of other people’s erotic lives our fixation with diet and fitness
    More example sentences
    • A colleague of mine is forever marvelling at the methodical way in which I flip over my rotating calendar each morning, not recognising in the gesture my complete fixation with time.
    • The first to die, of course, are the young people, paying in blood for their generation's fixation with communication.
    • He said it could have been a blurring between his feelings about women and fixation with celebrities.
    Synonyms
    obsession, preoccupation, mania, addiction, compulsion
    informal thing, bug, craze, fad
  • 1.1 Psychoanalysis The arresting of part of the libido at an immature stage, causing an obsessive attachment: fixation at the oral phase might result in dependence on others an oral-maternal fixation
    More example sentences
    • The reasons for this arrest are not clearly specified; but it was assumed that fixation at the oral stage might be the result of either deprivation or overgratification of the infant's oral needs.
    • In most of these cases we speak of psychological obsessions or fixations.
    • The individual would have no conscious awareness of the nature of the fixation, but the libido would constantly turn away from the possibility of satisfaction in reality, towards a fantasy gratification.
  • 2The action of making something firm or stable: sand dune fixation
    More example sentences
    • Many surgeons remain advocates of cementless total knee arthroplasty; however, the majority of current procedures involve cemented fixation.
    • Cementless fixation depends on prosthesis design plus ingrowth and overgrowth of bone to biologically bind the prosthesis to the skeleton.
    • Cemented fixation relies on a stable interface between the prosthesis and the cement and a solid mechanical bond between the cement and the bone.
  • 2.1 Biochemistry The process by which some plants and microorganisms incorporate gaseous nitrogen or carbon dioxide to form nongaseous compounds: his work on nitrogen fixation in plants
    More example sentences
    • Carbon dioxide fixation and light absorption takes place in the plant shoot parts, mostly leaf blades.
    • Industrial fixation of nitrogen for fertilizer and other human activities has more than doubled the rates of terrestrial fixation of gaseous nitrogen into biologically available forms.
    • These grass species carry out C4 photosynthesis, an important adaptation that increases the efficiency of CO 2 fixation in plants.
  • 2.2 Biology The process of preserving or stabilizing (a specimen) with a chemical substance prior to microscopy or other examination: biopsy specimens were placed in cassettes before fixation in formalin
    More example sentences
    • Bone marrow biopsy material was acid decalcified prior to formalin fixation.
    • Figure 2 D shows a section taken from a dehydrated but unfrozen specimen that had not been allowed to re-hydrate prior to fixation.
    • Finally, it is worth noting that a full examination of protoplast contents was not possible due to poor fixation of specimens.
  • 3 technical The action of concentrating the eyes directly on something: during the period of total blindness there was a complete absence of visual fixation
    More example sentences
    • In other words, when foraging, whooping cranes favor visual fixation.
    • These are necessary for maintaining visual fixation when the head moves.
    • The pattern of fixations and saccades during visual exploration of a scene using only the eyes is strikingly similar to the intermittent locomotion of an animal searching for food in a physical landscape.

Origin

late Middle English (originally as an alchemical term denoting the process of reducing a volatile spirit or essence to a permanent bodily form): from medieval Latin fixatio(n-), from fixare (see fix).

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