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fumaric acid

Syllabification: fu·mar·ic ac·id
Pronunciation: /fyo͞oˌmerik ˈasəd
 
/

Definition of fumaric acid in English:

noun

Chemistry
A crystalline acid, isomeric with maleic acid, present in fumitory and many other plants.
Example sentences
  • To give food a light texture, and/or control its acidity/alkalinity, yeast, sodium bicarbonate, citric acid, fumaric acid, phosphoric acid, lactic acid, and tartrates may be added.
  • Other systemic therapies include monoclonal antibodies, protein specifically targeting memory T cells, fumaric acid esters, novel retinoids, and macrolactams.
  • It has strong anti-carcinogenic properties and is rich in a number of complex phytochemicals including ergosterol, fumaric acid, aminoglucose and mannitol, coumarins, alkaloids, lactone and various enzymes.

Origin

mid 19th century: fumaric from modern Latin Fumaria 'fumitory' + -ic.

Derivatives

fumarate

1
Pronunciation: /ˈfyo͞oməˌrāt/
noun
Example sentences
  • Interest in so-called primary pulmonary hypertension was excited in 1967-1972 by an epidemic of pulmonary hypertension attributed to the ingestion of an appetite suppressant, aminorex fumarate.
  • The main pathway for tyrosine degradation involves conversion to fumarate and acetoacetate, allowing phenylalanine and tyrosine to be classified as both glucogenic and ketogenic.
  • However, since bacterial and archaeal flagellar motors are built from different proteins, the mechanism of action of fumarate could well be different in both species.

Definition of fumaric acid in:

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