Definition of fundus in English:


Syllabification: fun·dus
Pronunciation: /ˈfəndəs

noun (plural fundi /-dī, -dē/)

  • 1The part of a hollow organ (such as the uterus or the gallbladder) that is farthest from the opening.
    More example sentences
    • The distribution of the various epithelial changes did not follow any pattern with regard to occurrence in the neck, body, or fundus of the gallbladder.
    • When you place your head lower than your hips, gravity encourages the fetus to move toward the fundus of the uterus, flex his or her chin, and turn under.
    • The textbook is a comprehensive and very practical approach to all aspects of fundus diseases including retina, vitreous, choroid, tumors of the fundus and optic nerve disease.
  • 1.1The upper part of the stomach, which forms a bulge higher than the opening of the esophagus (farthest from the pylorus).
    More example sentences
    • The stomach consists of the fundus, body, and antrum.
    • The surgeon wraps the fundus of the stomach to create an external esophageal sphincter so that food or fluid entering the stomach is unable to exit via the esophagus.
    • They inserted a plastic tube through the fundus of the stomach into the mid-esophagus to enable esophageal distension with saline, generating elevated esophageal pressures to simulate a clinical gastric regurgitation situation.
  • 1.2The part of the eyeball opposite the pupil.
    More example sentences
    • This time she did remain still, and I saw that she had a pearly white optic disc in her fundus.
    • The pupils should be dilated and the fundus examined in a darkened room.
    • Mild atherosclerotic changes of the retinal arterioles were seen in the right fundus, which was otherwise unremarkable.


mid 18th century: from Latin, literally 'bottom'.

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