Definition of furcula in English:

furcula

Syllabification: fur·cu·la
Pronunciation: /ˈfərkyələ
 
/

noun (plural furculae /-ˌlē, -ˌlī/)

Zoology
  • 1A forked organ or structure, in particular.
    More example sentences
    • Megalancosaurus has grasping feet and a straplike scapular blade, Longisquama has structures that resemble a furcula and feathers, and Euparkeria has cranial features found in birds.
    • Coracoid and furcula are fused to the sternum (unique in birds).
    • Thus, if the furcula shared by many higher theropods and birds can be ignored as uninformative, how can one argue that the presence of furcula in Megalancosaurus or Longisquama is somehow a valid character?
  • 1.1The wishbone of a bird.
    More example sentences
    • Among other features, birds have a structure that they share with dromaeosaurs: a fused clavicle called the furcula, which serves as a brace during the flight stroke.
    • I would like to see if the furcula, or wishbone, is present.
    • Well, it is actually a wishbone, the furcula is the wishbone and it is made up of the clavicles fused together in the middle.
  • 1.2The forked appendage at the end of the abdomen in a springtail, by which the insect jumps.

Derivatives

furcular

adjective
More example sentences
  • To obtain each fat sample, birds were anesthetized by intramuscular injection with ketamine-rompun and a 2 mm incision was made in the skin overlying the furcular cavity.
  • Wing chord length, weight, and a furcular fat score were also determined.
  • We detected no differences in the composition of fatty acids in furcular fat, subcutaneous fat, and intraperitoneal fat.

Origin

mid 19th century: from Latin, diminutive of furca 'fork'.

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