Definition of gain in English:

gain

Syllabification: gain
Pronunciation: /ɡān
 
/

verb

[with object]
1Obtain or secure (something desired, favorable, or profitable): a process that has gained the confidence of the industry [with two objects]: their blend of acoustic folk pop gained them several chart hits
More example sentences
  • Therefore, valuable knowledge on vertebrate evolution would be gained by obtaining a complete coelacanth genome sequence.
  • Entry was gained by the back door of the premises.
  • Entry was gained by forcing the window at the rear of the premises.
Synonyms
obtain, get, secure, acquire, come by, procure, attain, achieve, earn, win, garner, capture, clinch, pick up, carry off, reap
informal land, net, bag, scoop, wangle, swing, walk away/off with
1.1Reach or arrive at (a desired destination): we gained the ridge
More example sentences
  • Many people found it difficult to justify the near 88,000 Allied men lost for every one mile gained in the advance.
Synonyms
reach, arrive at, get to, come to, make, attain, set foot on
informal hit, wind up at
1.2 [no object] (gain on) Come closer to (a person or thing pursued): a huge bear gaining on him with every stride
More example sentences
  • ‘I was gaining on the lead Corvette before I was obliged to execute the drive through penalty’ Chris said.
  • Within a second, he had gained on me enough to only have to take a step closer to kiss me.
  • It recedes as fast on one side as it gains on the other.
1.3 archaic Bring over to one’s interest or views; win over: to gratify the queen and gain the court
2Increase the amount or rate of (something, typically weight or speed): she had gradually gained weight since her wedding
More example sentences
  • Bureaucratic inertia propelling toxic waste disposal in Nevada is monumental and increasingly unwavering, gaining speed since 1982.
  • Boys and girls did not significantly differ in the perception that their mothers encouraged them to gain weight and increase muscle tone.
  • So the area that has had the fat suctioned out of it is less likely to gain weight or increase in fat because there are fewer fat cells in the area.
Synonyms
put on, increase in
2.1 [no object] Increase in value: stocks also gained for the third day in a row
More example sentences
  • The LuSE all share index gained from 1,190.47 points in the previous week to 1,230.10, translating in a rise of 3.32 percentage points.
  • The Irish Technology Share Index gained just 0.8 per cent to 5207.02.
  • Shares in Smart Telecom gained 1.3% on the London market yesterday, valuing the company at €50m.
2.2 [no object] (gain in) Improve or advance in some respect: canoeing is gaining in popularity
More example sentences
  • The performances are improving and gaining in confidence.
  • The location has been gaining in popularity - so much so that parks officials want to stop renting it out unless the event holds some prestige value for the city.
  • This facility, Mary tells us is gaining in popularity.
2.3(Of a clock or watch) become fast by (a specific amount of time): this atomic clock will neither gain nor lose a second in the next 1 million years
More example sentences
  • It also depends on the constancy of its rate; meaning, that a watch gains or loses the exact same amount of time each day.
  • The new clocks would not gain or lose one second in a thousand years.

noun

Back to top  
1An increase in wealth or resources: the mayor was accused of using municipal funds for personal gain
More example sentences
  • More observed an England in which wealth and personal gain had come to mean more than Christian devotion or charity.
  • Ruthless pursuit of personal gain is venerated.
  • Technically, water remains a public resource, but water license holders can now sell the rights to a public resource for personal gain.
Synonyms
profit, advantage, benefit, reward;
percentage, takings, yield, return, winnings, receipts, proceeds, dividend, interest
informal pickings, cut, take, divvy, slice, piece of the pie
increase, rise, increment, augmentation, addition
1.1A thing that is achieved or acquired: a balance between water loss and water gain
More example sentences
  • It is unclear whether screening for diabetes would, in itself, achieve an appreciable health gain.
  • The potential gain to the wider public from the results of individual studies must be considered.
  • Instead they are trying to saw off the limb onto which the president has climbed in order to achieve short-term political gain.
1.2The factor by which power or voltage is increased in an amplifier or other electronic device, usually expressed as a logarithm.
More example sentences
  • A number of factors determine the gain of a laser amplifier, including input signal strength.
  • The higher antenna gain allows low-power amplifiers to be used with efficient modulation and coding.
  • The auxiliary amplifier is provided within the circuit to increase the gain of the cascode amplifier and has an associated output.

Origin

late 15th century (as a noun, originally in the sense 'booty'): from Old French gaigne (noun), gaignier (verb), of Germanic origin.

Derivatives

gainable

adjective
More example sentences
  • Power is not my power… It is only gainable as a part of the larger whole.
  • The eternal soul known as the atma is not gainable merely by hearing about it.
  • Appreciate existence and gain any knowledge gainable.

gainer

noun
More example sentences
  • On the Nasdaq, losers beat gainers 2 to 1 as 447 million shares changed hands.
  • ‘At the end of the day, pensioners are overall going to be gainers,’ he said.
  • Forget the nay-sayers, the ones who talk about profit margins, and the real gainers from this rural sourcing.

Definition of gain in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day retroflex
Pronunciation: ˈrɛtrə(ʊ)flɛks
adjective
turned backwards