Definition of gamete in English:

gamete

Syllabification: gam·ete
Pronunciation: /ˈɡamēt, ɡəˈmēt
 
/

noun

Biology
A mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to unite with another of the opposite sex in sexual reproduction to form a zygote.
More example sentences
  • Meiosis is the process by which diploid organisms produce haploid gametes capable of sexual reproduction.
  • Zygotic embryogenesis in animals and plants starts with the fusion of the haploid female and male gametes, giving rise to a diploid zygote.
  • Once within the gonads, the germ cells differentiate as either male or female gametes.

Origin

late 19th century: from modern Latin gameta, from Greek gametē 'wife', gametēs 'husband', from gamos 'marriage'.

Derivatives

gametic

Pronunciation: /ɡəˈmetik/
adjective
More example sentences
  • These observations demonstrate that a mechanism contributed by the cytoplasm of the wild-type gametic cell recognizes abnormal-length flagella and restores length control.
  • Several gametic and zygotic reproductive barriers were found in a cross between Japonica and Indica rice varieties.
  • Simultaneous analysis of the haploid megagametophyte and diploid embryo in a seed allows the female and male gametic contributions to the zygote to be separated.

Definition of gamete in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day noisome
Pronunciation: ˈnɔɪs(ə)m
adjective
having an extremely offensive smell