(1869–1948), Indian nationalist and spiritual leader; full name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Prominent in the opposition to British rule in India, he pursued a policy of nonviolent civil disobedience. Although he never held government office, he was regarded as the country’s supreme political and spiritual leader. Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu following his agreement to the creation of the state of Pakistan.
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Syllabification: Gan·dhi, Mahatma
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